If an item needs to be replaced before its warranty expires and the manufacturer will not cover the item under the warranty due to damage caused by a tenant, the tenant will be charged the prorated replacement cost to install new item, based on the life expectancy of years shown below

CAULKING (interior/exterior)  5+  (For the 1st year after caulking is done at LINK)


Surface preparation and paint quality are the most important determinants of paint’s life expectancy. 
Ultraviolet (UV) rays via the sunshine can shorten life expectancy. Additionally, conditions of high humidity indoors and maintained outdoors can affect the lifespan of these components, which is why they should and maintained seasonally

Construction Glue 20+ 
Paint (exterior) 7 to 10 
Paint (interior) 10 to 15 
Roofing Adhesives/Cements 15+ 
Sealants 8 
Stains 3 to 8 

Appliance life expectancy depends on, to a great extent on the use it receives. Furthermore, consumers often 
replace appliances long before they become worn out due to changes in styling, technology and consumer 

Air Conditioner (window) 5 to 7 
Compactor (trash) 6 
Dehumidifier 8 
Dishwasher 9 
Disposal (food waste) 12 
Dryer Vent (plastic) 5 
Dryer Vent (steel) 20 
Dryer (clothes) 13 
Exhaust Fans 10 
Freezer 10 to 20 
Gas Oven 10 to 18 
Hand Dryer 10 to 12 
Humidifier (portable) 8 
Microwave Oven 9 
Range/Oven Hood 14 
Electric Range 13 to 15 
Gas Range 15 to 17 
Refrigerator 9 to 13 
Swamp Cooler 5 to 15 
Washing Machine 5 to 15 
Whole-House Vacuum System 20 

Bathroom Cabinets 50+ 
Closet Shelves 100+ 
Entertainment Center/Home Office 10 
Garage/Laundry Cabinets 70+ 
Kitchen Cabinets 50 
Medicine Cabinet 25+ 
Modular (stock manufacturing-type) 50 

Walls and ceilings last the full lifespan of the home. 
 Acoustical Tile Ceiling 40+ (older than 25 years may contain asbestos) 
Ceramic Tile 70+ 
Concrete 75+ 
Gypsum 75 
Wood Paneling 20 to 50 
Suspended Ceiling 25+ 

Deck Planks 15 
Composite 8 to 25 
Structural Wood 10 to 30 

Decks are exposed to a wide range of conditions in different climates, from wind and hail in some areas, to 
relatively consistent, dry weather in others. See FASTENERS & STEEL section for fasteners. 

Exterior fiberglass, steel and wood doors will last as long as the ho while vinyl and screen doors have a 
Shorter life expectancy. The gaskets/weatherstripping of exterior doors may have to be replaced every 5 to 8 

Closet (interior) 100+ 
Fiberglass (exterior) 100+ 
Fire-Rated Steel (exterior) 100+ 
French (interior) 30 to 50 
Screen (exterior) 30 
Sliding Glass/Patio (exterior) 20 (for roller wheel/track repair/replacement) 
Vinyl (exterior) 20 
Wood (exterior) 100+ 
Wood (hollow-core interior) 20 to 30 
Wood (solid-core interior) 30 to 100+ 

Floor and roof trusses and laminated strand lumber are durable household components and engineered 
trim may last 30 years. 
Engineered Joists 80+ 
Laminated Strand Lumber 100+ 
Laminated Veneer Lumber 80+ 
Trusses 100+ 

Fastener manufacturers do not give lifespans for their products because they vary too much based on where 
the fasteners are installed in a home, the materials in which they're installed, and the local climate and 
environment. However, inspectors can use the guidelines below to make educated judgments about the 
materials they inspect

Adjustable Steel Columns 50+ 
Fasteners (bright) 25 to 60 
Fasteners (copper) 65 to 80+ 
Fasteners (galvanized) 10+ 
Fasteners (electro-galvanized) 15 to 45 
Fasteners (hot-dipped galvanized) 35 to 60 
Fasteners (stainless) 65 to 100+ 
Steel Beams 200+ 
Steel Columns 100+ 
Steel Plates 100+ 
Concrete and poured-block footings and foundations will last a lifetime, assuming they were properly 
built. Waterproofing with bituminous coating lasts 10 years, but if it cracks, it is immediately damaged. 

Baseboard Waterproofing System 50 
Bituminous-Coating Waterproofing 10 
Concrete Block 100+ 
Insulated Concrete Forms (ICFs) 100 
Post and Pier 20 to 65 
Post and Tensioned Slab on Grade 100+ 
Poured-Concrete Footings and Foundation 100+ 
Slab on Grade (concrete) 100 
Wood Foundation 5 to 40 
Permanent Wood Foundation (PWF; treated) 75 

Framing and structural systems have extended longevities; poured-concrete systems, timber frame houses 
, and structural insulated panels will all last a lifetime. 

Log 80 to 200 
Poured-Concrete Systems 100+ 
Steel 100+ 
Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs) 100+ 
Timber Frame 100+ 

The quality and frequency of use will affect the longevity of garage doors and openers.  
Garage Doors 20 to 25 
Garage Door Openers 10 to 15 

Home technology systems have diverse life expectancies and may have to be upgraded due to evolution in 
Built-In Audio 20 
Carbon Monoxide Detectors* 5 
Door Bells 45 
Home Automation System 5 to 50 
Intercoms 20 
Security System 5 to 20 
Smoke/Heat Detectors* less than 10 
Wireless Home Networks 5+ 
* Batteries should be changed at least annually. 
Thermostats may last 35 years but they are usually replaced before they fail due to technological 

Air Conditioner (central) 7 to 15 
Air Exchanger 15 
Attic Fan 15 to 25 
Boiler 40 
Burner 10+ 
Condenser 8 to 20 
Dampers 20+ 
Dehumidifier 8 
Diffusers, Grilles and Registers 25 
Ducting 60 to 100 
Electric Radiant Heater 40 
Evaporator Cooler 15 to 25 
Furnace 15 to 25 
Gas Fireplace 15 to 25 
Heat Exchanger 10 to 15 
Heat Pump 10 to 15 
Heat-Recovery Ventilator 20 
Hot-Water and Steam-Radiant Boiler 40 
Humidifier 12 
Induction and Fan-Coil Units 10 to 15 
Chimney Cap (concrete) 100+ 
Chimney Cap (metal) 10 to 20 
Chimney Cap (mortar) 15 
Chimney Flue Tile 40 to 120 
Thermostats 35 
Ventilator 7 

As long as they are not punctured, cut or burned and are kept dry and away from UV rays, cellulose, 
fiberglass and foam insulation materials will last a lifetime. This is true regardless of whether they were 
installed as loose-fill, house wrap or batts/rolls. 

Batts/Rolls 100+ 
Black Paper (felt paper) 15 to 30 
Cellulose 100+ 
Fiberglass 100+ 
Foamboard 100+ 
Housewrap 80+ 
Liquid-Applied Membrane 50 
Loose-Fill 100+ 
Rock Wool 100+ 
Wrap Tape 80+ 

Masonry is one of the most enduring household components. Fireplaces, chimneys and brick veneers can 
last the lifetime of a home. 
Brick 100+ 
Insulated Concrete Forms (hybrid block) 100+ 
Concrete Masonry Units (CMUs) 100+ 
Man-Made Stone 25 
Masonry Sealant 2 to 20 
Stone 100+ 
Stucco/EIFS 50+ 
Veneer 100+ 

Custom millwork and stair parts will last a lifetime and are typically only upgraded for aesthetic reasons. 
Attic Stairs (pull-down) 50 
Custom Millwork 100+ 
Pre-Built Stairs 100+ 
Stair Parts 100+ 
Stairs 100+ 

The lifetime of any wood product depends heavily on moisture intrusion

Flooring Underlayment 25 
Hardboard 40 
Particleboard 60 
Plywood 100 
Softwood 30 
Oriented Strand Board (OSB) 60 
Wall Panels 100+ 

The quality of plumbing fixtures varies dramatically. The mineral content of water can shorten the life 
expectancy of water heaters and clog showerheads. Also, some finishes may require special maintenance 
with approved cleaning agents per the manufacturers in order to last their expected service lives.

ABS and PVC Waste Pipe 50 to 80 
Accessible/ADA Handles 100+ 
Acrylic Kitchen Sink 50 
Cast-Iron Bathtub 100 
Cast-Iron Waste Pipe (above ground) 60 
Cast-Iron Waste Pipe (below ground) 50 to 60 
Concrete Waste Pipe 100+ 
Copper Water Lines 70 
Enameled Steel Kitchen Sink 5 to 10+ 
Faucets and Spray Hose 15 to 20 
Fiberglass Bathtub and Shower 20 
Gas Lines (black steel) 75 
Gas Lines (flex) 30 
Hose Bibs 20 to 30 
Instant (on-demand) Water Heater 10 
PEX 40 
Plastic Water Lines 75 
Saunas/Steam Room 15 to 20 
Sewer Grinder Pump 10 
Shower Enclosure/Module 50 
Shower Doors 20 
Showerheads 100+ (if not clogged by mineral/other deposits) 
Soapstone Kitchen Sink 100+ 
Sump Pump 7 
Toilet Tank Components 5 
Toilets, Bidets Urinals 100+ 
Vent Fan (ceiling) 5 to 10 
Vessel Sink (stone, glass, porcelain, copper) 5 to 20+ 
Water Heater (conventional) 6 to 12 
Water Line (copper) 50 
Water Line (plastic) 50 
Well Pump 15 
Water Softener 20 
Whirlpool Tub 20 to 50 


Radon systems have but one moving part: the radon fan. 
Air Exchanger 15 
Barometric Backdraft Damper/Fresh-Air Intake 20 
Caulking 5 to 10 
Labeling 25 
Manometer 15 
Piping 50+ 
Radon Fan 5 to 8 


The life of a roof depends on local weather conditions, building and design, material quality, and adequate 
maintenance. Hot climates drastically reduce asphalt shingle life. Roofs in areas that experience severe 
weather, such as hail, tornadoes, and/or hurricanes may also experience a shorter-than-normal lifespan 
overall or may incur isolated damage that requires repair in order to ensure the service life of the 
surrounding roofing materials. 

Aluminum Coating 3 to 7 
Asphalt Shingles (3-tab) 20 
Asphalt (architectural) 30 
BUR (built-up roofing) 30 
Clay/Concrete 100+ 
Coal and Tar 30 
Copper 70+ 
EPDM (ethylene propylene diene monomer) Rubber 15 to 25 
Fiber Cement 25 
Green (vegetation-covered) 5 to 40 
Metal 40 to 80 
Modified Bitumen 20 
Simulated Slate 10 to 35 
Slate 60 to 150 
TPO 7 to 20 
Wood 25 


Outside siding materials typically last a lifetime. Some exterior components may require protection through 
appropriate paints or sealants, as well as regular maintenance. Also, while well-maintained and undamaged 
flashing can last a long time, it is their connections that tend to fail, so seasonal inspection and maintenance 
are strongly recommended. 

Aluminum Siding 25 to 40+ 
Aluminum Gutters, Downspouts, Soffit and Fascia 20 to 40+ 
Asbestos Shingle 100 
Brick 100+ 
Cementitious 100+ 
Copper Downspouts 100 
Copper Gutters 50+ 
Engineered Wood 100+ 
Fiber Cement 100+ 
Galvanized Steel Gutters/Downspouts 20 
Manufactured Stone 100+ 
Stone 100+ 
Stucco/EIFS 50+ 
Trim 25 
Vinyl Siding 60 
Vinyl Gutters and Downspouts 25+ 
Wood/Exterior Shutters 20 


Site and landscaping elements have life expectancies that vary dramatically.  

American Red Clay 100+ 
Asphalt Driveway 15 to 20 
Brick and Concrete Patio 15 to 25 
Clay Paving 100+ 
Concrete Walks 40 to 50 
Controllers 15 
Gravel Walks 4 to 6 
Mulch 1 to 2 
Polyvinyl Fencing 100+ 
Sprinkler Heads 10 to 14 
Underground PVC Piping 60+ 
Valves 20 
Wood Chips 1 to 5 
Wood Fencing 20 

Swimming pools are composed of many systems and components, all with varying life expectancies. 
Concrete Shell 25+ 
Cover 7 
Diving Board 10 
Filter and Pump 10 
Interior Finish 10 to 35 
Vinyl Liner 10 
Pool Water Heater 8 
Waterline Tile 15+ 

These life expectancies have been determined through research and testing based on regular recommended maintenance and conditions of 
normal wear and tear, and not extreme weather (or other) conditions, neglect, over-use or abuse. Therefore, they should be used as guidelines only, and not relied upon as guarantees or warranties. 

Note: Life expectancy varies with usage, weather, installation, maintenance and quality of materials. This list should be used only as a general guideline and not as a guarantee or warranty regarding the performance or life expectancy of any appliance, product, system or component. 

SOURCE  Daniel Desiga Precision Point Inspections, LLC Cell: 619-746-1388 Email: